Tschechische Wissenschaftler bahnten sich mit Macheten einen Weg durch die sibirische Wildnis, um die Ruinen eines Gulags zu fotografieren. TV-Doku über sowjetische Gulags: Stalins Sklaven. Ausbeutung, Hunger, Tod: Ein Dreiteiler erzählt vom sowjetischen Gulag-System. Stalins Gulag - organisatorische, psychische und physische Gesichtspunkte des Gefangenenlagers - Geschichte / Asien - Hausarbeit - ebook 6,
Was ist der Gulag?TV-Doku über sowjetische Gulags: Stalins Sklaven. Ausbeutung, Hunger, Tod: Ein Dreiteiler erzählt vom sowjetischen Gulag-System. In den letzten Lebensjahren Stalins erreichte der Gulag mit rund 2,5 Millionen den Höchststand an Insassen. Hinzu kamen in diesem Zeitraum rund sechs. Haya-Lea Detinko - Wie ich Stalins Gulag überlebte. von: Centropa - Ulrike Ostermann Nach 20 Jahren in sowjetischen Gefangenenlagern und im Zwangsexil.
Gulag Stalin Menu di navigazione VideoThe History of the Gulag (1929 – 1953) – The Soviet Labor Camps Under Joseph Stalin
Under Stalin's rule, the Soviet gulag prisons became a nightmare of historic proportions. The word "gulag" was born as an acronym. It stood for Glavnoe Upravlenie Lagerei, or, in English, Main Camp Administration.
Two factors drove Stalin to expand the gulag prisons at a merciless pace. The first was the Soviet Union's desperate need to industrialize. Though the economic motives behind the new prison labor camps have been debated — some historians feel economic growth was simply a convenient perk of the plan, while others think it helped to drive arrests — few deny that prison labor played a substantial role in the Soviet Union's new ability to harvest natural resources and take on massive construction projects.
The other force at work was Stalin's Great Purge, sometimes called the Great Terror. It was a crackdown on all forms of dissent — real and imagined.
As Stalin sought to consolidate his power, suspicion fell on party members, "rich" peasants called kulaks, academics, and anyone said to have murmured a word against the country's current direction.
In the purge's worst days, it was enough to simply be related to a dissenter — no man, woman, or child was above suspicion.
In two years, some , people were executed on the spot. One million more escaped execution — but were sent to the gulags. In the forced labor camps, conditions were brutal.
Prisoners were barely fed. Stories even came out saying that the inmates had been caught hunting rats and wild dogs, snagging any living thing they could find for something to eat.
While starving, they worked themselves literally to the bone, using usually outdated supplies to do intense labor. The Soviet gulag system, instead of relying on expensive technology, threw the sheer force of millions of men with crude hammers at a problem.
Inmates worked until they collapsed, often literally dropping dead. These laborers worked on massive projects, including the Moscow—Volga Canal, the White Sea—Baltic Canal, and the Kolyma Highway.
No exceptions were made for women, many of whom were only imprisoned because of the imagined crimes of their husbands or fathers.
Their accounts are some of the most harrowing to emerge from the gulag prisons. Though women were housed in barracks apart from the men, camp life did little to really separate the genders.
Female prisoners were often the victims of rape and violence at the hands of both inmates and guards. Many report the most effective survival strategy was to take a "prison husband" — a man who would exchange protection or rations for sexual favors.
If a woman had children, she would have to divide her own rations to feed them — sometimes as little as grams of bread per day. But for some of the female prisoners, simply being allowed to keep your children was a blessing; many of the gulag children were shipped to distant orphanages.
Their papers were often lost or destroyed, making a reunion someday almost impossible. After Stalin's death in , the zeal that had sent thousands to the gulag prisons every year faded.
Nikita Khrushchev, the next to take power, denounced many of Stalin's policies, and separate orders freed those imprisoned for petty crimes and political dissidents.
By the time the last Soviet gulag closed its gates, millions had died. Some worked themselves to death, some had starved, and others were simply dragged out into the woods and shot.
It is unlikely the world will ever have an accurate count of the lives lost in the camps. Though Stalin's successors ruled with a gentler hand, the damage had been done.
The popular press, even TLS and The Independent, have contained erroneous journalistic articles that should not be cited in respectable academic articles.
Segue un elenco di testimonianze di prigionieri ordinato secondo la data della prima edizione originale.
Altri progetti. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. Disambiguazione — Se stai cercando altri significati, vedi Gulag disambigua.
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URL consultato il 7 luglio Wheatcroft, Challenging traditional views of Russian history , Springer, , pp. URL consultato il 7 luglio archiviato dall' url originale il 31 maggio URL consultato il 2 giugno The best archivally-based estimate of Gulag excess deaths at present is 1.
Chlevnjuk, The History of the GULAG , su yalepress. Otto Pohl, The Stalinist Penal System , McFarland Publishing, , p.
Illness and Inhumanity in Stalin's Gulag , in The American Historical Review , vol. URL consultato il 29 luglio archiviato dall' url originale il 29 aprile Per una critica biopolitica della violenza , libreriauniversitaria.
Nicolaevskij, Il lavoro forzato nella Russia sovietica , , pp. Altri progetti Wikisource Wikiquote Wikimedia Commons.
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Gulag from Lenin to Stalin After the Russian Revolution of , Vladimir Lenin , founder of the Russian Communist Party, took control of the Soviet Union.
Gulag Prisoners The first group of prisoners at the Gulag mostly included common criminals and prosperous peasants, known as kulaks.
Life at a Gulag Camp Prisoners at the Gulag camps were forced to work on large-scale construction, mining and industrial projects.
Prison Terms and Release Prisoners in the Gulag were given sentences, and if they survived the term, they were permitted to leave camp.
Between and , about , to , people were released from the Gulag each year. Legacy of the Gulag The true horrors of the Gulag system were revealed belatedly: Before the fall of the Soviet Union in , state archives were sealed.
Sources Gulag: Soviet Prison Camps and Their Legacy, A Project of the National Park Service and the National Resource Center for Russian, East European and Central Asian Studies, Harvard University.
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Today's Opinion Op-Ed Columnists Editorials Op-Ed Contributors Letters Sunday Review Video: Opinion. At Home Automobiles Games Education Food Health Jobs Love Magazine Parenting Real Estate Recipes Style T Magazine Travel.10/15/ · Wirtschaftsfaktor Gulag. Neben dem erklärten Ziel der Internierung von Millionen unschuldiger politischer Häftlinge ging Stalin von der irrigen Annahme aus, der Gulag sei für das sowjetische Wirtschaftswachstum wfosydney.com: Gregor Delvaux de Fenffe. 22 hours ago · Its prison camps, descended from the Soviet gulag, are notoriously harsh. But in a shift from the Stalin era, inmates have treated political prisoners with respect. By . Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (born Ioseb Besarionis dzе Jughashvili, 18 December [O.S. 6 December] – 5 March ) was a Georgian revolutionary and Soviet politician who ruled the Soviet Union from the mids until his death in During his years in power, he served as both General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (–) and Chairman of the Council of.